Agricultural scientists study commercial plants, animals and cultivation techniques to improve the productivity and sustainability of farms and agricultural industries.
Agricultural scientists may perform the following tasks:
- collect and analyse data and samples of produce, feed and soil, and study other factors affecting production
- advise farmers and farm managers on techniques for improving the production of crops and livestock
- advise farmers on issues such as livestock and crop disease, control of pests and weeds, soil improvement, animal husbandry and feeding programs
- study environmental factors affecting commercial crop production, pasture growth and animal breeding
- study the effects of cultivation techniques, soils, insects and plant diseases on animal and crop production
- develop procedures and techniques for solving agricultural problems and improving the efficiency of production.
Agricultural scientists who specialise in the wine industry deal with the research and production of wines and the microbiology and chemistry of winemaking. See the separate entry for Winemaker for more information.
An agricultural adviser assists and advises farmers, agricultural businesses, rural industries and governments in the production, processing and distribution of farm products. They may specialise in areas such as livestock, crop, dairy, fruit production, water use, farm economics or land management.
An agricultural biotechnologist uses techniques such as genetic engineering to improve the quality and diversity of plant and animal products.
An agricultural entomologist investigates the causes of insect outbreaks and researches methods to control them through integrated pest management, biological control and chemical processes.
An agricultural microbiologist is involved in the identification and control of disease organisms, often working in specialised areas such as food technology and environmental management.
An agronomist is an expert in agricultural practices with the aim to increase crop yield and farming profits. This may include specialist positions in research, extension and advice, sales, crop nutrition, soils and farming sustainability.
An animal scientist conducts experiments in controlled breeding or in embryo manipulation. They investigate the nutritional value of different feeds and the environmental conditions necessary to improve the quality of animal produce.
A crop physiologist studies the mechanisms of normal plant growth and the effects of environmental conditions and chemicals upon them.
A horticultural scientist applies scientific knowledge to the cultivation and propagation of plants such as fruit, vegetables, berries, flowers, trees, shrubs and crops. They may also work in landscape design to create parks and gardens, with concern for the conservation and preservation of natural resources.
A soil scientist studies the biology, chemistry, physics and hydrology of soil systems, and conducts research and advises on matters relating to conservation and management.
Agricultural scientists may work in laboratories, in offices, in the field or in a combination of these. Some work alone but most work as members of a team alongside other scientists, farmers and other people involved in providing services to the agricultural industry.
- able to analyse and solve problems
- interested in science and the environment
- able to make accurate observations
- good oral and written communication skills
- well organised with supervisory ability
- able to work as part of a team.
- Agricultural and Resource Economist
- Agricultural Technical Officer
- Aquaculture Technician
- Environmental Engineer
- Environmental Scientist
- Life Scientist
Education and Training, Employment Opportunities and Additional Information
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